No longer just a place to hide infrastructure, the underground is increasingly being explored as a means of supporting sustainable urban development — a reservoir of much-needed land and of resources such as geothermal energy. Earlier visions and experiments in underground urbanism can provide valuable lessons to facilitate successful livability strategies for the future.
A seemingly eclectic selection of buildings and projects engages with concepts that challenge even the most deep-rooted prejudices against the underground. Exploring how to integrate the elements of light, air and vegetation, they create new subterranean spaces that foster a vital sense of connection with the wider world.
Technological advances are redefining our understanding of time and distance. Two pioneering projects illustrate visionary anticipation of future lifestyle needs and aspirations.
The key to enabling faster, better and smarter design, planning and delivery of the built environment lies in a new form of infrastructure. One that is built not with bricks and mortar, but with data and artificial intelligence based on Building Information Modeling (BIM) and enabled by ever faster data transfer speeds.
With Asia home to the world’s fastest rate of urbanization, we see how three of the region’s most developed cities ― Hong Kong, Singapore and Tokyo ― are pushing the frontier of development, going deeper, achieving a greater synergy of uses and preparing the way for new urban forms.